The Interest: How the British Establishment Resisted the Abolition of Slavery

Michael Taylor

For two hundred years, the abolition of slavery in Britain has been a cause for self-congratulation – but no longer.

In 1807, Parliament outlawed the slave trade in the British Empire, but for the next quarter of a century, despite heroic and bloody rebellions, more than 700,000 people in the British colonies remained in slavery. And when a renewed abolitionist campaign was mounted, making slave ownership the defining political and moral issue of the day, emancipation was fiercely resisted by the powerful ‘West India Interest’. Supported by nearly every leading figure of the British establishment – including Canning, Peel and Gladstone, The Times and Spectator – the Interest ensured that slavery survived until 1833 and that when abolition came at last, compensation was given not to the enslaved but to the slaveholders. Worth £340 billion in today’s money, this was the largest pay-out in British history before the banking rescue package of 2008, incurring a national debt that was only repaid in 2017 and entrenching the power of slaveholders and their families to shape modern Britain.

Drawing on major new research, this long-overdue and ground-breaking history shows that the triumph of abolition was also one of the darkest episodes in British history, revealing the lengths to which British leaders went to defend the indefensible in the name of profit.

“Taylor exposes the truth behind the longstanding narrative of Britain as a leading abolitionist force. In revealing how the British establishment resisted the emancipation of slaves, Taylor courageously confronts harmful historical revisionism in search of answers. Building on a thoroughly researched and potent historical account, The Interest makes a powerful case for reparations: once we reckon with the truth, we must finally atone for it.”
Rt Hon DAVID LAMMY MP, Shadow Secretary of State for Justice
“In The Interest, Michael Taylor presents a fascinating history of Britain’s approach to slavery. In doing so, he makes short work of the argument, long cherished by apologists for empire, that Britain’s main role in the atrocities of the slave trade was to abolish it. In debunking this argument, Taylor writes with vivid clarity about one of history’s greatest crimes, introducing us to people and places that have long since been consigned to the past and yet loom over the present - colonisers and the colonised, slave-trading tycoons and abolitionists, politicians and press. Meticulously researched and timely, The Interest is a critical piece of history and a devastating exposé of a misleading colonial narrative.”
Dr Shashi Tharoor, M.P. Member of Parliament for Thiruvananthapuram Lok Sabha